Please refer to other important comment and links at the end of her article.
Vet corner… By Dr. Joanne Reichertz DVM
BARF and other Homemade Diets Revisited
Because of the problems associated with processed commercial kibble food, many dog owners are now feeding a raw food diet. Most are based on Dr. Ian Billinghurst ‘s book written in 1993, 20 years ago.
Raw food diets have been around long enough now that “we have been able to see the harm they are doing to many dogs”. This has been well documented. Ann Martin, who wrote the book
Food Pets Die For has a new book out, “Protect Your Pet : More Shocking Facts”. It has chapters on the “Dangers of Commercial Pet Foods and ” “Raw Meat Diet Controversy,” I urge all pet owners who are thinking of feeding their companion pets with a raw food diet to read the chapter “Raw Meat Diet Controversy” in Ann Martin’s new book.
Ann is joined by many canine nutritionists, including myself, who now urge dog owners to be VERY CAREFUL about feeding raw meat to their dogs. The meat that we can buy at the store (the same meat you and I buy and cook before eating) is NOT the same as the meat that a wild carnivore eats from a natural kill. Commercial meat has been processed and exposed to many factors that make feeding it to our companion pets potentially harmful. If we could provide the same fresh raw meat that the ancestors of today’s dog had access to 600,000 years ago, including the hot fresh guts – what wild carnivores still go for first in a kill, then it may be ok to feed them with that food source. Unfortunately, today’s pet owners can’t.
Meat that is processed and sold through retailers may have been exposed to a number of chemical agents. These MUST be destroyed by using heat to generate temperatures that will break them down.
At his internet website Dr. Belfield states, “As a veterinary practitioner for thirty-seven years and a veterinary meat inspector for seven years, I , in good conscience, cannot recommend raw meat diets to my clients. My advice to my clients is ‘cook the meat until the redness is gone.’
When this is done, there is no vomiting, the cholesterol level is normal, the risk of infection by microorganisms and parasites diminishes.” Any diet that gets a dog eating foods that are not filled with preservatives and other chemicals is considered by most canine nutritionists as a step in the right direction. But the raw meat diets which are on the market today fall into the same trap as the all-breed/any-breed kibble.”
Most companies selling their raw meat diets are promoting this type of diet with the claim that all domesticated dogs descended from the wolf. For years, scholars have debated the origins of today’s domesticated dog. A direct link showing the wolf to be the sole forefather of today’s domesticated dog has never been proven. The wolf may only be a distant cousin and no more related to our modern companion pet than a jackal, a fox, a dingo, or a coyote.
The truth is that wild-born wolves taken into captivity are typically malnourished. We know from their carcasses that they die of splintered fowl bones and have very bad dental problems. Here is what the Director of NAWA (North American Wolf Association) has to say about this: “As for the statement that raw meat is a biologically correct food, humans have survived healthfully on cooked foods for thousands of years. It is more than safe to say that diseases such as cancer are not caused by cooking your meat.”
Another argument for not feeding today’s domesticated dog a raw food diet is that we know domesticated dogs have been eating cooked food for over 300,000 years. In the Middle Pleistocene period companion pets (dogs included) were buried alongside their masters. Our present-day domesticated dogs have been eating cooked foods long enough to cause a change in their digestive and glandular systems and the way that they will react to raw food.
The issue of feeding raw meat as part of a domestic dog’s diet, has caused quite a stir in the veterinary community and dog industry. Veterinarians have grave concerns about raw meat and bones in a dog’s diet. History (and current statistics) has shown us that both wild and domestic dogs who eat raw meat and bones can and do become very ill for a number of reasons. Veterinarians across the United States have seen a significant increase in a variety of illnesses due to a raw meat diet. Some dogs become ill right away and others have severe pancreatic, kidney, heart and brain illnesses due to a long- term raw meat diet. Most dogs that die from a raw meat bones diet do not show signs of illness until a few days before it kills them. This is true with pancreatitis and with the raw chicken or turkey necks and backs that injure the stomach and intestinal area, intestinal parasites from the raw meat causing a slow death or severe illness.
Some people see what they perceive to be immediate results from the BARF diet … a shiny coat, or some type of condition has cleared up. Raw meat has a high fat content that will sometimes give a dog a shiny coat (at least initially). While coat texture can be a sign of good health, it’s not a reliable measure of a dog’s health.
The truth is that it’s NOT the element of raw meat that improves a dog’s health. They would see the same results with cooked meat . Oftentimes it’s simply the absence of one or more ingredient (s) in the kibble they were feeding. You could have taken your dog off their current food and put them on another commercial food, or possibly a vet -supervised homemade diet with small amounts of cooked meat , and seen an improvement in the condition – without the dangers of raw meat.
The numerous claims of the health benefits of raw food diets are all anecdotal. Even without considering the lack of evidence for benefits of these diets, there are a number of important concerns you should have regarding raw food diets.
First there is the nutritional balance of the diets. The results of the analyses of diets have indicated that there are clearly nutritional and health risks associated with feeding raw food diets. All the diets tested had nutritional deficiencies or excesses that could cause serious health problems when used in a long- term feeding program.
Of equal concern is the health risks associated with bacteria in the raw food diets. Although owners feeding raw food diets often claim that dogs are more resistant to these potentially deadly bacteria, there is no evidence to support that claim.
More interesting reads on the dangers of Raw meat diets for dogs;
1. http://www.wdcusick.com/raw.html – – http://www.wdcusick.com/raw.html
Author of “The Animal Advocate” Website. William provides fascinating information on the ancestry of our dogs and wolves, as well as facts about the dangers of a raw meat/bone diet
Dr. Mike addresses frequently asked questions about the raw meat diet, and explains the dangerous and misconceptions of feeding raw meat and bones
3.Spirocerca lupi – warning against feeding raw meat
“This is definitely not a new parasite” says Professor Joop Boomker, of the Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria. “It just hasn’t been prevalent in recent years.”
“Pet owners who feed meat and chicken to their dogs should ensure that it is properly cooked, and never fed raw,” advises Prof. Boomker.